Guidelines for Article Preparation for Submission
- provide full affiliation information (full institutional address and ZIP code, and e-mail address) for all authors, and
- indicate who is/are the corresponding author(s).
- Randomized controlled trials (CONSORT) and protocols (SPIRIT)
- Systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) and protocols (PRISMA-P)
- Observational studies (STROBE)
- Case reports (CARE)
- Qualitative research (COREQ; SRQR)
- In vivo animal studies (ARRIVE)
|Contributor Role||Role Definition|
|Conceptualization||Ideas; formulation or evolution of overarching research goals and aims.|
|Data Curation||Management activities to annotate (produce metadata), scrub data and maintain research data (including software code, where it is necessary for interpreting the data itself) for initial use and later reuse.|
|Formal Analysis||Application of statistical, mathematical, computational, or other formal techniques to analyze or synthesize study data.|
|Funding Acquisition||Acquisition of the financial support for the project leading to this publication.|
|Investigation||Conducting a research and investigation process, specifically performing the experiments, or data/evidence collection.|
|Methodology||Development or design of methodology; creation of models.|
|Project Administration||Management and coordination responsibility for the research activity planning and execution.|
|Resources||Provision of study materials, reagents, materials, patients, laboratory samples, animals, instrumentation, computing resources, or other analysis tools.|
|Software||Programming, software development; designing computer programs; implementation of the computer code and supporting algorithms; testing of existing code components.|
|Supervision||Oversight and leadership responsibility for the research activity planning and execution, including mentorship external to the core team.|
|Validation||Verification, whether as a part of the activity or separate, of the overall replication/reproducibility of results/experiments and other research outputs.|
|Visualization||Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically visualization/data presentation.|
|Writing – Original Draft Preparation||Creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically writing the initial draft (including substantive translation).|
|Writing – Review & Editing||Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work by those from the original research group, specifically critical review, commentary or revision – including pre- or post-publication stages.|
- Journal abbreviations should follow the Index Medicus/MEDLINE abbreviation approach.
- Preprints can be cited and listed in the reference list.
- Only articles, books and book chapters, datasets and abstracts that have been published or are in press, or are available through public e-print/preprint servers/data repositories, may be cited. Unpublished abstracts, papers that have been submitted to a journal but not yet accepted, and personal communications should instead be included in the text; they should be referred to as ‘personal communications’ or ‘unpublished reports’ and the researchers involved should be named. Authors are responsible for getting permission to quote any personal communications from the cited individuals.
- Web links, URLs, and links to the authors’ own websites should be included as hyperlinks within the main body of the article, and not as references.
- References to trials on a clinical trial database should be as follows: [Authors/name of group], [title of the trial], In: ClinicalTrials.gov [cited year month date], Available from [URL of the link from ClinicalTrials.gov].
Example: Kovacs Foundation, The Effect of Ozone Therapy for Lumbar Herniated Disc. In: ClinicalTrials.gov [cited 2012 Aug 30], Available from http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00566007.
- Datasets published or deposited elsewhere (for example, in figshare, Dryad, etc.) should be listed in the "References" section and the citation to the dataset should follow one of these examples.