Publishing Terms & Definitions
Advisory BoardThe Advisory Board of Gates Open Research comprises individuals who have a strong interest in open research and improving the way research findings are disseminated. They do not act as ‘Editors’ in the traditional sense (i.e. they do not handle manuscripts nor make decisions to accept or reject a paper). The main role of the Advisory Board is to advocate Gates Open Research to the wider academic community, as well as to provide constructive input and guidance on the strategic direction of the platform and advise on high-level policy decisions.
Approval Status: ApprovedAn Approved rating means that the reviewer has asked either for no changes to the article or only a few small changes. For original research, this means that the experimental design, including controls and methods, is adequate; results are presented accurately and the conclusions are justified and supported by the data. An article with two Approved ratings, or one Approved and two Approved with Reservations ratings, will be considered to have passed peer review.
Approval Status: Approved with ReservationsAn Approved with Reservations rating means that the reviewer believes the paper has academic merit, but has asked for a number of small changes to the article, or specific, sometimes more significant revisions. An article with two Approved ratings, or one Approved and two Approved with Reservations ratings, will be considered to have passed peer review.
Approval Status: Not ApprovedA Not Approved rating means that a reviewerconsiders the research in the article to have fundamental flaws and the work overall to be of poor quality. The article is still published and the authors are encouraged to revise their article to respond to the concerns raised by the reviewer.
Article Processing Charge (APC)All content published on Gates Open Research is fully Open Access immediately on publication, thereby complying with the Gates Foundation’s Open Access policy. The publication costs are covered through article processing charges, which are funded centrally by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. This means that researchers funded by the Gates Foundation can publish on the platform without direct cost to them. More detail about the APCs is available here.
Awaiting Peer ReviewPeer review takes place after publication and articles that have not yet received any peer review reports are labelled as “Awaiting peer review”. Articles awaiting peer review are officially published and can be cited (for example in manuscripts, CVs, or grant applications), because the citation includes details of the reviewer status, making it clear to everyone what stage of peer review the article has reached. Readers who later follow the citation link to view the paper will be able to see its current peer review status.
CC-0 (Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication license)Where possible, data associated with articles published in Gates Open Research should be made available under the terms of a Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication (CC-0 license) to facilitate and encourage data re-use. Use of a CC-0 license also helps prevent ‘attribution stacking’, which occurs when combining separate datasets produced by different authors that are held under multiple different licenses. A Creative Commons license is also recommended for data associated with posters, slides and documents published on Gates Open Research.
CC-BY (Creative Commons Attribution license)Gates Open Research articles, posters, slides and documents are published under a CC-BY license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and leaves the copyright of the article, poster, slideset or document with the current copyright holder (usually the author or his/her institution).
CrossmarkCrossmark is a version management tool from Crossref that enables users to check and see if an article has been updated. It is of particular benefit in the case of PDF files where, regardless of when the file was downloaded and where it has been stored, readers who are online can click on the Crossmark icon, and see if a new peer review report or a new version of the article is available. If one is available, Crossmark will link the user directly to the updated version.
Data noteGates Open Research publishes Data Notes as an article type in its own right. Data Notes describe datasets and their associated protocols only, without any interpretation or conclusion. Many journals will accept submissions of full-length research articles that are based on datasets with a DOI and associated protocol information previously published. See the article guidelines for a full list of article types, and see our data policies to see which journals accept work based on published data notes.
Documents are end-of-grant reports, or outputs such as policies and guidelines. They are normally included in specific gateways and are of particular relevance to that gateway's readership and community. Documents are not peer reviewed and their formats vary and often differ from traditional scholarly research publications. Each document has a unique DOI and citation; documents are therefore permanently published.
DOIEach version of an article and each peer review report, as well as some datasets within articles, have their own unique Digital Object Identifier (DOI). Every object with a DOI can be cited, so it is possible to reference a specific version of an article, a specific peer review report or a dataset associated with an article, as well as each poster, slideset or document.
Gateways provide portals for institutions, organizations or specific funding programs with links to featured content and other resources.